What Are germs?
A germ is a tiny organism that can make animals, plants, and humans sick. They are so tiny that they can only be seen through a microscope!
There are several different types of germs, including bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoans.
- Bacteria: one-celled microorganisms
- Fungi: spore producing organisms like molds or mushrooms
- Protozoan: these are also one-celled organisms but they are larger than bacteria
Germs can be spread from person to person very easily. This can happen when an person who is sick coughs or sneezes.
Other germs can spread from animals or insects to people.
If a germ gets into your body, your immune system tries to destroy it so that you don’t get sick.
The best way to make sure you aren’t spreading germs is by thoroughly and frequently washing your hands.
Washing your hands!
Wash your hands before eating, touching your mouth, eyes, or nose, and before touching a cut or scrape.
Wash your hands after using the restroom, playing with pets, using playground equipment, being near a person who is sick, touching trash.
Using warm water, rub your hands together with soap long enough to sing happy birthday twice. Clean your palms, the back of your hands, and in between your fingers.
Don’t forget to clean under your nails!
Rinse hands and dry with a clean towel.